A global treaty to ban nuclear weapons was passed on Friday of the United Nations despite opposition from Britain, France and the United States nuclear powers, which said it ignored the reality of international security threats such as Korea northern.
The treaty was approved by a vote of 122 votes against a country – a member of NATO in the Netherlands – to vote against, while Singapore abstained.
None of the nine countries possessing nuclear weapons – the United States, Russia, Britain, China, France, India, Pakistan, North Korea and Israel – participated in the negotiations or vote.
Even Japan – the only country to have suffered atomic attacks in 1945 – boycotted the talks as did most NATO countries.
Many cheers and cheers erupted in a United Nations conference hall after the vote which limits three weeks of negotiations on the text that provides for a total ban on developing, storing or threatening to use nuclear weapons.
But activists who worked to negotiate the agreement say that countries with nuclear weapons have not participated in the process or supported the agreement does not make the deal discussed.
“This treaty was really an initiative of states that do not possess nuclear weapons and has rejected nuclear weapons as a potential source of security, to do something about the situation,” said Ray Acheson of the International Women’s League for Peace and Freedom, who was one of the activists who helped negotiate the treaty.
“The development of standards through the law has been very effective in changing the way states have thoughtful and committed to cluster munitions and landmines, for example … and hopefully this is a kind of form Indirectly we are building a culture against nuclear weapons that we can actually have an impact on them in the future, “said M. Acheson.
A few hours after its adoption, the United States, Great Britain and France rejected the treaty and said that they do not intend to join them. “This initiative clearly ignores the realities of the international security environment,” he told the ambassadors of the three UN countries.
“This treaty offers no solution to the serious threat posed by North Korea’s nuclear programs and does not address other security issues that require nuclear deterrence,” they said in a joint statement.
North Korea marked a sinister step in its desire to develop nuclear weapons when it tested its first intercontinental ballistic missile this week.
Nuclear powers say their arsenals serve as deterrents against a nuclear attack and say they remain committed to the phased disarmament approach described in the NPT Treaty.
The NPT decades trying to prevent the spread of atomic weapons, but requires countries to reduce their nuclear arsenals.
The invasion, however, is growing among many non-nuclear states of slow disarmament, such as concern that weapons of mass destruction fall into the wrong hands.
We operate under the assumption that the sole purpose of these weapons should never be used. But we know a lot of human errors and error of judgment and human error, “said M. Acheson. I think we can not count on this event always. “